There are a lot of things that people feel uncomfortable talking about with their doctor. They know that the discussion needs to happen, but they feel extremely embarrassed. Anal cancer is one of those discussions. It’s a very rare and uncommon type of cancer which occurs in the anal canal. Because this is a rare type of cancer there are signs of anal cancer that people constantly overlook.
No one wants to be diagnosed with cancer, but it does happen, which means the discussion needs to happen. If it doesn’t, and you do have cancer, it will spread and can be fatal. In order for this discussion to occur, you’ll need to look for signs.
Below are the following signs of anal cancer that should never be overlooked. Don’t be embarrassed; noticing these signs can save your life.
Before I get into the signs of anal cancer, I would like to discuss what causes anal cancer. Anal cancer is caused when a genetic mutation turns the healthy, normal cells into abnormal ones. When healthy cells grow, they do it at a set rate. This means that they die at a set rate as well. When abnormal cells grow, there is no set rate. They’re out of control and they never die. Because they never die, the abnormal cells create a mass tumor.
It doesn’t stop there. Everyone has cancer cells in their body, but until they are triggered, they are dormant. But once they are active, they invade nearby tissues and will separate from the mass tumor and will spread throughout the body. In order to prevent this cancer from occurring, there are certain risk factors that everyone needs to be aware of. The main risk factor is anal sexual intercourse. This not only increases the chances of developing anal cancer but also HIV as well. HPV is another risk factor that can increase your chances of developing anal cancer as well. For those who do not know what HPV is, it’s a sexually transmitted infection.
Pain In the Anus: In a lot of cases, pain or tenderness in the anus means that you have hemorrhoids. In some cases though, pain in the anus is a telltale sign of anal cancer. The pain will be mild to start, but it will be a constant pain. If it’s not diagnosed and treated, the pain will become unbearable, which is a sign that the cancer is spreading.